When you marry or re-marry there are a few things you should know regarding your will. A matter which commonly arises is the making of wills by married or de facto couples who have children from previous relationships. These families are often referred to as blended families. In these circumstances the traditional simple will whereby […]
When you marry or re-marry there are a few things you should know regarding your will.
A will iscancelled by marriage unless it is expressed to be made in contemplation of that marriage.
A will is notcancelled by divorce but the following occurs:
an appointment of the former spouse as
executor is revoked;
any gift to a former spouse is revoked; and
the rest of the will is interpreted as if
the former spouse died prior to the will maker.
matter which commonly arises is the making of wills by married or de facto
couples who have children from previous relationships. These families are often referred to as
blended families. In these circumstances
the traditional simple will whereby the entire estate is given to the surviving
spouse and when the surviving spouse dies is given equally among the children
may not be entirely appropriate.
is human nature for someone with a blended family to be concerned when making a
will that should they die first, their partner will not adequately provide for
their children from the previous relationship.
it is possible that both spouses will provide equally for all children from
previous and present relationships, consideration must be given to the fact
that unless special steps are taken, there is nothing at law to prevent a
surviving spouse from changing their will to reduce the benefits paid to the
children of their deceased spouse.
are at least three solutions to this potential problem.
Direct Gifts to Children
simplest solution if the couple’s estate is sufficiently large is for each
spouse to directly make provision for their own children in their own will in
addition to the primary provision for the surviving spouse. For example, each spouse might provide in
their will for a gift of cash to their children from their previous relationship
while leaving the marital home and other assets to their surviving spouse.
this solution is desired, in order to ensure that there are sufficient assets
to provide both for the surviving spouse and for the children of the previous
relationship, recourse can be had to life insurance or the utilisation of
binding death benefit superannuation nominations.
Contracts for Mutual Wills
second possible solution is to enter into a contract to make mutual wills. This method involves both spouses executing
wills which provide benefits for the children of both previous
relationships. The spouses then enter
into a contract in which they agree not to revoke their will without the
permission of the other spouse.
Additional provisions can be included in the contract requiring the
surviving spouse to not unduly dissipate their assets so as to reduce the size
of their estate available for distribution on their death.
arrangement has the benefit of being appropriate for modest sized estates and
being relatively inexpensive both to prepare and in terms of compliance costs
Testamentary Discretionary Trusts
third solution is to incorporate into each will what is known as a testamentary
discretionary trust. As a rule of thumb
this solution is generally more appropriate for estates in excess of
phrase testamentary discretionary trust generally refers to a will in which one
or more trust funds are set up with the intention that the bulk of the funds
are held in trust for several years.
discretionary trusts generally operate in a similar way to a normal family
trust. A parcel of assets is gifted into
the trust, a trustee is appointed and instructions are given to the trustee as
to whom that trustee may make payments from the income or capital of the trust.
typical testamentary discretionary trust may allow a trustee to distribute
income generated by the assets held on trust to any of a class of people,
generally made up of a spouse and surviving children. The class of potential beneficiaries may also
include grandchildren and spouses of children.
are several advantages to testamentary discretionary trusts. They can allow income to be paid to
beneficiaries who are subject to a lower tax rate. Income can also be withheld from
beneficiaries who become bankrupt or experience marriage difficulties.
primary advantage of a testamentary discretionary trust over a family trust
created during one’s lifetime is the ability to avoid paying the stamp duty
which is generally payable when assets are transferred into a trust during
The primary disadvantage to including a testamentary discretionary trust in one’s will is the compliance costs associated with the trust after your death. These costs include the cost of the separate tax return which the trust will need to file each year along with the cost of seeking advice upon and documenting the decisions of the trustee as to the distribution of income.
Mark was admitted to practice in 1996 after obtaining Bachelor degrees in both Law and Economics from the University of Adelaide.
Mark worked in two of Adelaide’s leading law firms before starting his own firm, Jappe & Associates, specialising solely in wills and estates.
In 2013 Jappe & Associates merged with Adelta Legal, where Mark continues to offer specialist assistance with all aspects of wills and estates and in particular estate litigation.
Mark is well known for his work as a litigator, specialising primarily in contested estate matters in the Supreme Court. Mark is commonly appointed by the Court to act as litigation guardian for parties who, due to either being minors or suffering from a disability, are unable to act on their own behalf. He has also been appointed by the Court to administer deceased estates while potential beneficiaries engage in litigation.
He is particularly known both for his tenacity in litigation and for his practical and creative approach to resolving disputes.
Mark enjoys assisting clients with their estate planning and is experienced in obtaining grants of letters of administration and probate and assisting clients to finalise the estates of loved ones.
Mark can assist you with all wills and estate matters including:
wills and estate planning
probate and estate administration
powers of attorney and advance care directives.
He is a member of the Law Society of South Australia and has served on its Succession Law Committee since 2007.
Mark has been recognised by Doyle’s Guide as a preeminent estate litigation lawyer and as a leading estate planning lawyer.
Mark is also a nationally accredited mediator. He primarily mediates matters involving contested estates or trusts, but is also available to mediate other types of disputes.
Outside of the law, Mark serves on the Board of the Mendelson Foundation, a charitable trust which awards scholarships to students who are resident in the West Torrens Council area.
When he is not busy assisting clients, Mark is a keen bridge player, having represented both his State and his country.